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HMG Climate Change Compass: evaluating the UK’s International Climate Fund (ICF)

As climate change continues to create new and complex challenges, more agile approaches to development and environmental problems are needed. The UK's International Climate Finance (ICF) funds over 230 programmes on climate change adaptation, mitigation and forestry. Itad is helping ICF learn from these programmes through thematic portfolio-level evaluations.


Following the Paris Agreement, the UK and other developed countries committed to mobilise $100bn per year to combat climate change and adapt to its effects. Through ICF, the UK pledged at least £5.8bn between 2016 and 2020 to assist developing countries to respond to the challenges and opportunities produced by climate change. 

ICF is the primary channel of UK climate change finance. It funds a diverse portfolio of programmes sat within three government departments, the Department for International Development (DFID); the Department for Business, Energy and Industry Strategy (BEIS); and the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra). 

Our role

Itad was a core partner in HMG Climate Change Compass, a consortium led by IMC Worldwide which supports ICF and the UK government to 

  • develop and refine the ICF Key Performance Indicators 
  • analyse and synthesise evidence and learning from ICF programmes 

Our approach

Itad applied an innovative approach, combining realist evaluation with process tracing to understand how, why, for whom and in what circumstances interventions work or not. We applied this approach to portfolio-level evaluations on: 

  1. how integrating climate finance into development programmes affects climate change outcomes 
  2. how ICF programmes influence the mobilisation of private finance into low-carbon markets 
  3. how ICF influences global, national and sub-national policies relating to climate change 

This work was used to inform decision making in a number of HMG climate and environment investments, international development policies, and programmes. 


Watch the recording of our webinar on ‘Mobilising private finance for climate change: Lessons from the HMG Compass Evaluation‘.


Contact Philippa Tadele ( if you would like to discuss this project.


Image © Uganda Photo Credit: Grace Elliott

Team members
Dave Wilson Ben Murphy Gregg Smith Bara Sladkova