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David Fleming

David Fleming is an Associate Partner at Itad and leads Itad’s Fragile and Conflict-affected Settings (FCAS) Practice, which provides monitoring, evaluation and learning (MEL) support to clients working in conflict and crisis settings across the globe.

David has over ten years of experience in supporting governments and multilateral agencies to make evidence-informed decisions about how to deliver the greatest impact in conflict and crisis settings. He is experienced in designing and conducting utilisation-focused reviews and evaluations of programmes and strategies focusing on conflict prevention, peacebuilding and humanitarian assistance. He is experienced in designing and delivering MEL systems for complex programmes, including developing theories of change, results frameworks and value for money frameworks. He is also an experienced trainer, workshop facilitator and team leader, and is trained in the use of participative training techniques, working in hostile environments and evaluating humanitarian action.

David is currently leading two MEL Units for the UK Conflict, Stability and Security Fund (CSSF), providing MEL support to programme and portfolio teams across 10 countries in Eastern Africa and 5 countries in North Africa. This has included co-leading the development of Itad’s approach to measuring Political Access and Influence (PAI), conducting learning-focused evaluations of CSSF programmes and strategies across the two regions, and facilitating workshops with CSSF teams to strengthen theories of change and programme design. He is also currently engaged as a trainer for the UK Stabilisation Unit, contributing to the design and regular facilitation of a course for UK Government staff on MEL in conflict and stabilisation contexts.

Recent work has included being Project Director for an evaluation of the coverage and quality of UNICEF’s global humanitarian assistance; an evaluation of UNHCR’s leadership of the Global Protection Cluster; and a formative and summative evaluation of DFID’s Global Mine Action Programme. David recently led an evaluation of BBC Media Action’s CSSF funded work across North Africa; led two case studies as part of an evaluation of DFID’s Humanitarian Innovation and Evidence Programme; and was Deputy Team Leader for an evaluation of Denmark’s humanitarian strategy, leading the Afghanistan case study and co-authoring the synthesis report. He was also a team member for the evaluation of DFID’s Building Capacity for the Use of Research Evidence programme, leading an evaluation case study of a programme seeking to build the use of evidence in Cabinet decision-making in South Sudan, Sierra Leone and Liberia.

Nationality: British
Languages: English (mother tongue), German (fluent), French (very good)
Country Experience:

Algeria, Ethiopia, Ghana, Jordan, Kenya, Nepal, Pakistan, Rwanda, South Africa, South Sudan, Tunisia, Yemen (desk-based), Afghanistan (desk-based).

Qualifications:

2007 - 2008
MA Transnational Studies (Distinction)
University of Southampton
2002 - 2007
BA German Studies (1st Class)
University of Warwick

Employment:

2019 - Ongoing
Associate Partner
Itad Ltd
Responsible for leading Itad's FCAS Practice
2016 - 2019
Principal Consultant
Itad Ltd
Responsible for leading Itad's MEL work in fragile and conflict-affected settings
2014 - 2016
Senior Consultant
Itad Ltd

2012 - 2014
Business Development Manager and Consultant
Itad Ltd.

2009 - 2012
Business Development Officer and Researcher
Itad Ltd.

Project Experience:

2018 - 2021
Provision of Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning (MEL) services to the UK Conflict, Stability and Security Fund (CSSF) in Eastern Africa (Phase 2)
(UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO)) - Project Director
David is responsible for leading Itad’s MEL support to CSSF Eastern Africa, covering 10 countries and 5 CSSF portfolios (East Africa, Somalia, Sudans, Africa Peace and Security, Great Lakes). Our MEL support includes strengthening programme, portfolio and regional MEL systems; strengthening programme monitoring including through third-party monitoring, conducting research, reviews and evaluations at programme, thematic and regional level; and supporting learning and knowledge sharing across portfolios and the region.
2018 - 2021
Provision of Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning (MEL) services to the UK Conflict, Stability and Security Fund (CSSF) in North Africa
(UK FCO-DFID North Africa Joint Unit (NAJU)) - Project Director
David is responsible for leading Itad’s MEL support to CSSF North Africa (also known as the North Africa Good Governance Fund – NAGGF), covering 5 countries and 7 programmes (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia, Regional Fund, Technical Assistance Facility). Our MEL support is focused on three areas: 1) designing and conducting an evaluation of the NAGGF regional portfolio; 2) designing and conducting thematic evaluations of NAGGF support to inclusive economic development, inclusive governance, influencing and education; and 3) providing MEL mentoring support to programme teams at Post.
2019 - 2020
Evaluations of UNHCR country operations in Afghanistan, Angola, Egypt and Iraq
(UNHCR) - Project Director
David is responsible for overseeing the design and delivery of four learning-focused country operation evaluations for the UN Refugee Agency in Afghanistan, Angola, Egypt and Iraq. The evaluations seek to generate timely evidence on results and the effectiveness of UNHCR’s strategic approach and partnerships in the four countries. This will then inform UNHCR’s future operational planning and strategy, and support more effective and impactful partnerships and programming in pursuit of protection and solutions for persons of concern and the communities that host them.
2018 - 2019
Evaluation of UNICEF’s coverage and quality in complex humanitarian situations
(UNICEF) - Project Director
David was responsible for overseeing the design and delivery of a global evaluation of the coverage and quality of UNICEF’s humanitarian response in complex humanitarian emergencies. Through 11 case studies (Nigeria, Pakistan, Ukraine, Afghanistan, CAR, Philippines, Somalia, Burundi, Mali, Palestine, Syria), the evaluation generated evidence, lessons, practical solutions and recommendations to support UNICEF to scale up good practice and introduce innovations that will ultimately contribute to improving the coverage and quality of its humanitarian response.
2018
Strategic mapping of UK Conflict, Stability and Security Fund (CSSF) portfolio in North Africa
(UK FCO-DFID North Africa Joint Unit (NAJU)) - Co-lead
David worked with another team member to map the strategic fit of the CSSF North Africa programming portfolio – the North Africa Good Governance Fund (NAGGF) – against UK regional objectives, and to make recommendations on how the alignment can be strengthened.
2017
Independent evaluation of BBC Media Action in Algeria, Libya and Tunisia
(UK FCO-DFID North Africa Joint Unit (NAJU)) - Team Leader
Led a 2-person team to evaluate the performance and achievements of BBC Media Action’s UK-funded programmes across Algeria, Libya and Tunisia, providing practical recommendations to BBC Media Action, the three Embassies and NAJU on improving project delivery and performance.
2015 - 2018
Provision of Monitoring & Evaluation Services for the Conflict, Stability & Security Fund in East Africa
(Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) ) - Project Director
David was responsible for leading the M&E Unit’s provision of monitoring, evaluation and learning support to CSSF programmes working across the entire East Africa region. This included: co-leading the development of Itad’s approach to measuring Political Access and Influencing (PAI); supporting CSSF programme teams with strengthening results frameworks, theories of change and results reporting; running workshops with CSSF teams to help strengthen programme design and M&E; designing and conducting an assessment of the contribution of each regional portfolio to UK strategic objectives; developing VfM guidance for CSSF programme managers; and conducting evaluations of projects and programmes focusing on border security, countering violent extremism and conflict prevention.
2017 - 2019
Provision of Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning (MEL) services for UK Conflict, Stability and Security Fund (CSSF) in Middle East
(Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) ) - Senior Evaluation Advisor
David was responsible for contributing to the design and delivery of the MEL Unit’s evaluation strategy, and ensuring that lessons from our MEL support to CSSF teams in Eastern Africa and North Africa informed our work in the Middle East, and vice-versa.
2016 - 2017
Monitoring and Evaluation of the Global Mine Action Programme
(DFID) - M&E Director
David was responsible for overseeing the design and delivery of the monitoring and evaluation strategies, including the approach to refining and testing the programme theory of change, designing the evaluation framework, methodology and data collection tools, and working with GMAP implementers to strengthen monitoring of and reporting on results. Responsible for quality assuring all evaluation products including the inception report and formative evaluation report, and presented formative evaluation findings to DFID and GMAP contractors in early 2017. Contributed to developing a new programme theory of change in April 2017.

2016 - 2017
Evaluation of UNHCR’s role as Cluster Lead Agency for the Global Protection Cluster
(UNHCR) - Evaluation Director
David was responsible for overseeing the design of the evaluation approach, methodology, and data collection and analysis tools, contributing to inception report, and quality assuring all evaluation products. Also conducted stakeholder interviews in Geneva as part of the inception workshop.
2016 - 2018
Learning and Monitoring Programme in Somalia (LAMPS)
(DFID) - Itad Project Director
David was responsible for overseeing inputs of Itad team on designing and delivering the Technical Assistance and Learning components.
2013 - 2017
Evaluation of DFID’s Humanitarian Innovation & Evidence Strategy
(DFID) - Core Team Member
David was the team leader for the evaluation of two case studies: an IFRC programme focusing on national and local capacity building for disaster risk management; and a GFDRR programme seeking to improve the application of risk modelling for disaster risk management. Work involved document and literature review, conducting interviews, conducting fieldwork in Pakistan and authoring two case study reports. Also contributed to research and data analysis for case studies on delivering aid in insecure environments and DFID's Humanitarian Innovation Fund (HIF); co-delivered theory of change workshops with DFID during evaluation design phase; designed and conducted impact-oriented case studies to track when and how research findings have influenced policy makers; and used contribution analysis to systematically analyse the extent to which interventions have contributed to observed change, across different cases in different contexts.
2013 - 2016
Post-War Recovery Studies MSc Teaching at York - M&E in Fragile States: The Challenges of Measurement
(PRDU, University of York) - Lecturer
Each year David teaches an annual seminar on the challenges of M&E in conflict and post-conflict settings.

The seminar introduces key concepts such as the OECD-DAC Evaluation Criteria and Evaluation Matrix through group exercises. These are combined with case study examples to illustrate how tools and methods such as Contribution Analysis and Outcome Mapping have been used in the field to overcome issues such as data reliability, evidence and attribution gaps, and inadequate theories of change.

2014 - 2017
Independent Monitoring of DFID programmes in Yemen (Ta’zeez)
(DFID) - Itad Project Director and Humanitarian Expert
David provided support to the team on the design of the M&E templates and tools, including partner capability assessment tools and QA and verification templates. He also provided support to the development of the lesson learning component.
2014 - 2015
Evaluation of the Strategy for Danish Humanitarian Action 2010-2015
(Danida) - Deputy Team Leader and Project Director.
David was responsible for designing the evaluation methodology; co-led a theory of change workshop with stakeholders and Danish NGOs in Copenhagen, as well as a follow-up evidence workshop with Danish NGOs after the evaluation; conducted fieldwork in 3-4 field locations in South Sudan, including leading a field visit to Northern Bahr el Ghazal; and led the Afghanistan Desk Study. Also contributed to the context and portfolio analysis. Co-authored final synthesis report.
2014 - 2015
Evaluation of Approaches to Build Capacity for Use of Research Evidence (BCURE)
(DFID) - Core Team Member
David was responsible for leading on evaluating the Africa Cabinet Decision-Making Project case study, which seeks to improve the use of research evidence in African Cabinet decision making in Sierra Leone, South Sudan and Liberia. He authored of the evaluation case study report. He also contributed to the programme theory of change development, and the design of the evaluation approach, methodology and tools.
2014 - 2015
Evaluation of the Temporary International Presence in Hebron
(Norad) - Porject Director
David was responsible for the overall evaluation direction and management, development of a theory-based and process-oriented evaluation approach, and quality assurance of final evaluation reports.
2013 - 2014
Evaluation of Peace and Development in Finland’s Development Cooperation
(Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland) - Project Director and Evaluation Methods Expert
David was responsible for overall evaluation management, and co-author of the synthesis report. Also responsible for contributing to evaluation design, development of methodology and evaluation tools, and quality assurance of all reports. Team member for the Ethiopia country visit, with particular responsibility for evaluating Finland's cooperation at the strategic level as well as support to land administration in SNNPR and Oromia. Presented final synthesis report and Palestine Case Study Report in Helsinki at public presentation.
2014 - 2015
Evaluation of DFID’s humanitarian response to Typhoon Haiyan
(DFID) - Evaluation Director
David was responsible for guiding the team on evaluation design and methodological development; liaising with the Evaluation Steering Group; supporting the team with data analysis and final report writing; and quality assurance of all evaluation products.
2013 - 2014
Evaluation of Peace and Development in Finland’s Development Cooperation
(Finland MFA) - Project Director and Evaluation Methods Expert
David was responsible for the overall evaluation management, and co-author of the synthesis report. Also responsible for contributing to evaluation design, development of methodology and evaluation tools, and quality assurance of all reports. Team member for the Ethiopia country visit, with particular responsibility for evaluating Finland's cooperation at the strategic level as well as support to land administration in SNNPR and Oromia. Presented final synthesis report and Palestine Case Study Report in Helsinki at public presentation.
2013 - 2014
Evaluation of the Training for Peace in Africa Programme
(Norad) - Itad Project Director and Core Team Member
David was a contributing author to the inception report and final evaluation report, with responsibility for designing and conducting an impact assessment of the programme's training component, with a focus on the training of police; conducting a data collection visit to Rwanda to hold interviews with the Rwanda National Police in Kigali; and contributing to an assessment of the cost-effectiveness of the programme's training component. Also conducted interviews with key stakeholders in Nairobi and Oslo, including with Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Police Directorate and NUPI.
2013 - 2014
Evaluation of the European Union co-operation strategy with Yemen
(European Commission) - Evaluation team member
David was a contributing author to the inception report, desk report and final evaluation report with lead responsibility for evaluating the efficiency of EU development cooperation funding instruments and aid modalities, as well for writing the context analysis and strategy review.
2012 - 2014
M&E Support to TradeMark East Africa Rwanda
(TradeMark East Africa) - M&E Consultant
David provided M&E support to TradeMark East Africa in Rwanda over the course of three years. This included developing a theory of change, results chain, M&E framework and performance indicators for the Ministry for East African Community (MINEAC) and Private Sector Federation (PSF); designing and commissioning a baseline study for PSF; designing tools and approaches for monitoring and evaluating the effectiveness of advocacy and communication activities; and designing training modules on a range of M&E topics such as indicator development, results-based monitoring and project cycle management.
2009 - 2011
Evaluation of Conflict and Peacebuilding Activities in Southern Sudan
(Multi-donor; Led by Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs) - Evaluation Consultant
David provided desk-based research on drivers of conflict and donor policy in South Sudan; conducted policy and portfolio analysis; 2-week field visit to Juba to set up and manage the evaluation team office, provide technical and research support to the field teams, conduct interviews, and manage logistics and security arrangements. Also provided project management, team coordination and financial management throughout the evaluation.
2011 - 2012
Evaluation of DFID's International Citizen Service (ICS) Pilot Stage
(DFID) - Evaluation Consultant: Leader of Nepal Country Study; Leader of VFM Assessment
David led the field visit in Nepal: conducted interviews and focus group discussions at project sites of key stakeholders to assess emerging impacts; lead author of Nepal Field Visit report. Conducted interviews of ICS staff as well as focus group discussions with volunteers to obtain evidence on efficiency and effectiveness of approaches used; led the value for money (VFM) assessment to assess whether ICS is operating in an efficient, effective and cost-effective manner; conducted a review of existing literature on youth participation in development, the impact of volunteering on personal development, and development impact and prepared a team briefing note; contributed to the writing of the MTR and Final report.
2011 - 2011
Evaluation of Support to Civil Society Engagement in Policy Dialogue
(Danida, Sida, ADA) - Evaluation Consultant
David conducted a document review, wrote briefing paper on the CSO landscape in the three case study countries, designed a sampling process to identify key policy processes and CSOs to be evaluated during the data collection phase, and conducted web survey design and analysis.
2010 - 2011
Evaluation of Danish Engagement in Somalia 2006-2010
(Danida) - Evaluation Consultant
David contributed to the evaluation design and development of analytical tools, conducted document review, produced literature summaries and conducted data analysis to inform the final report.
2010
Evaluation of the Results-based Approach and M&E of the Finnish Development Cooperation Interventions
(Finland MFA) - M&E Consultant
David conducted a desk review of project and programme documentation, contributing to the design of a robust checklist drawing on established RBM practices to provide evidence-based analysis of the status of RBM within the organisation and recommendations on how to strengthen a results-based system. Evaluated project and programme design frameworks, including Theories of Change, the design process, and monitoring and reporting mechanisms.
2010
Evaluation of Programmatic Approaches to Support for the Environment in Africa, 1996-2009
(Danida) - Survey Expert
David designed a web-based survey for key stakeholders in partner countries to comment on the relevance, efficiency and effectiveness of development interventions and environmental support, and summarised findings for the final evaluation report.
2009
DFID Country Programme Evaluation - South Africa
(DFID) - Research Assistant
David conducted desk-based research and document review, wrote approach papers on South Africa's role as a global power and regional economic integration, and analysed DFID expenditure and summarised findings for the final report.
2009
DFID Country Programme Evaluation - Yemen
(DFID) - Research Assistant
David conducted an analysis of ODA disbursements to Yemen, and DFID expenditure and performance.

Membership of professional associations:

  • European Evaluation Society

Publications: