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Support for the development of Theories of Change for Gavi Investments

The Gavi Alliance (Gavi) is a unique organisation that aligns public and private resources in a global effort to create greater access to the benefits of immunisation. It does this through creative and innovative ways to ensure that donor contributions efficiently save lives and help build self-sufficiency in the world’s poorest communities and regions. It brings together all the main actors in immunisation including developing country and donor governments, the World Health Organization, UNICEF, the World Bank, the vaccine industry in both industrial and developing countries, research and technical agencies, civil society organisations, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and other private philanthropists.


Gavi’s current strategic period will be coming to an end in Dec 2020. Therefore, work is underway to define the strategic direction for the 2021-2025 period (Gavi 5.0). The strategy development process hinges on a clear articulation of the ToC (Theory of Change), to make the underlying theory(s) and related assumptions explicit to inform planning, monitoring and target setting.

Our role

Itad has been selected to work with Gavi to develop ToCs for various workstreams, policies and country-specific investments, in order to articulate its programmatic strategy for these specific areas moving forward. Specifically, Itad support involves the following:

  • Supporting the integration of ToC into the operationalisation of Gavi’s 5.0 strategy in various workstreams, including the development of an overarching strategic ToC.
  • Facilitation and development of ToCs for countries undergoing full portfolio planning (FPP) processes
  • Applying capacity strengthening approaches and development of materials so that Gavi Secretariat staff can support country-driven and country-led ToC development

Building on our theory-based work with Gavi over the last few years, and our position as a world leader in thinking about ToC, we are supporting Gavi with its strategic goal to align ToCs at four different levels within Gavi into one organisational framework and leave behind a sustainable ToC footprint and capability within Gavi after the project ends.


Image credit: UNICEF/2018/Moreno (CC BY 2.0)

Team members
Fergal Turner