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Evaluation of the second phase of the Energy, Security and Resource Efficiency in Somaliland programme

Access to clean and affordable energy remains a barrier to economic development in Somaliland where energy consumption per capita is the lowest in Sub-Saharan Africa. Itad is evaluating ESRES2 to fill key evidence gaps on what works in mini-grid programming in the unique context of Somaliland.


The cost of electricity in Somaliland, at approximately 1 USD per kilowatt, is one of the highest in the world. The cost is driven by a combination of factors, including high diesel prices, inefficient electricity production, distributional losses, and lack of adequate regulation and standards.


Funded by DFID and implemented by Mott MacDonald, ESRES2 aims to accelerate expansion to cheaper, cleaner and more sustainable sources of energy, increase efficiency in electricity production, and improve energy security in Somaliland. The programme supports Somaliland’s Ministry of Energy and Minerals, local communities, and actors in the private sector to produce, finance, regulate and demand affordable, reliable and clean energy to serve local communities and primarily the poor and vulnerable.

Our role

Working with our partners the Somali Disaster Resilience Institute (SDRI) and the African Network for Prevention and Protection Against Child Abuse and Neglect (ANPPCAN) Somaliland, the evaluation looks at whether, how and in what contexts the programme activities contributed to lowering end-user electricity tariffs and increased private investment in renewable energy. To achieve this, the evaluation team will apply contribution analysis and quasi-experimental design combined with a realist approach.

We will capture and assess data on the experience and benefit of women, the poor and marginalised groups from the programme activities and outcomes. 

Image:  View of Hargeysa, the capital of Somaliland. Credit: Retlaw Snellac Photography (Flickr) (CC BY 2.0)

Team members
Bara Sladkova Rachel Eager Gregg Smith Philippa Tadele (née Haden) Emmeline Henderson