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The impact of cash-for-works: evidence from the Rural Access Programme in the mid and far west of Nepal

RAP's primary objective is to deliver economic benefits to poor and isolated communities over the long term through improved rural road connectivity, by building new roads and maintaining existing roads in the core rural road network across eight districts. This is done through a labour-intensive approach to road works: targeting poor and marginalised members of communities and temporarily employing them for this work.


These direct beneficiaries work in Road Building Groups (RBGs) and Road Maintenance Groups (RMGs) and receive cash for their work.

This briefing note presents some of the main lessons emerging from the independent midline impact assessment of RAP as it relates to the direct beneficiaries – members of RBGs and RMGs. This was conducted by the independent Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning (MEL) component of RAP, responsible for evaluating the project over its lifecycle.