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Evaluation of the UNICEF PMTCT/Paediatric HIV Care and Treatment Programme

UNICEF commissioned Itad to conduct an evaluation of the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) and paediatric HIV care and treatment programme to reflect on its contribution over the period 2005–2015.

The evaluation addressed the following objectives:

  1. To contribute to improving the organisation’s accountability for its performance by defining and documenting key achievements as well as missed opportunities in UNICEF’s engagement with partners and countries between 2005 and 2015
  2. To generate evidence and learning to enhance understanding on how UNICEF’s strategies and programmes have evolved, what has worked and what has not worked and why and to make recommendations for UNICEF’s future engagement in PMTCT and paediatric HIV care and treatment

The evaluation focused on four thematic areas: 1) leadership, advocacy, coordination and partnerships; 2) resource mobilization; 3) strategic information and knowledge generation and dissemination; and 4) key aspects of UNICEF’s organisation. It also considered three cross-cutting issues – gender, human rights and equity – and examined how the response to PMTCT and paediatric HIV has played out in humanitarian situations.

This evaluation revealed key insights into UNICEF’s effectiveness across these four thematic areas, which informed eight evaluation recommendations that will feed into the development of the UNICEF Strategic Plan 2018–2021.

You can read more information about the evaluation’s design, key findings and recommendations in the full report, available here.


Since this report’s publication in 2017, the following policy analysis was completed as a direct result of the Itad’s evaluation: UNICEF’s contribution to the adoption and implementation of option B+ for preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV: a policy analysis.