This report relates to an independent evaluation of the UNHCR (United Nations High Commission for Refugees) country operations in Afghanistan for the period 2012–2019. This evaluation is part of a series of evaluations of a similar nature also being undertaken in three other countries (Angola, Iraq and Egypt). The evaluation started with an inception phase during which the Evaluation Team undertook scoping interviews and a brief mission to the country, besides conducting preliminary desk reviews of key documents. Following this, an inception report with a detailed methodology for conducting the evaluation was produced and discussed with the UNHCR Evaluation Service, which managed the evaluation. The inception phase was followed by desk research to map all available evidence from secondary sources before the evaluation team undertook a country visit to gather evidence from the field. This report brings together findings, conclusions and recommendations from the various processes of the evaluation. It should be noted that whilst the report does in places acknowledge the complex regional dynamics of working with Persons of Concern (PoCs) across Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran, this is an evaluation of UNHCR in Afghanistan only.
The purpose of the Afghanistan Country Operation Evaluation (COE) is to generate practical recommendations to inform UNHCR operations in the future, informed by robust and systematic analysis. The evaluation aimed to:
a) Support UNHCR to make evidence-based decisions for future operational planning and strategy;
b) Inform decisions to strengthen partnership and programme design thereby improving assistance to IDP’s, returnees, refugees and host populations, including Persons with Specific Needs (PSNs);
c) Assess the effectiveness of UNHCR’s plans and activities within the specific country context.